This study shows
that healing methods similar to Therapeutic Touch can change
the Human Energy Field
by Richard H. Lee, Director
June 10, 1998
***In its April 1, 1998 issue, JAMA published a fourth grade
science project which was claimed that Therapeutic Touch was
ineffective because practitioners could not accurately determine
whether a nine-year-old girl's hand was close to theirs. A far
more accurate test of effectiveness of Therapeutic touch involves
measuring, not the ability to sense a human energy field, but
rather, to change a human energy field.
***Measuring changes in photonic and magnetic fields would
be expensive, given the cost of SQUID and other high tech equipment
needed to measure such weak fields. And while measurement of
therapist induced changes in electric fields with EEG has been
demonstrated (Liu G 1988), the simplest and easiest to replicate
experiments involve monitoring the therapist-induced changes
in electrical conductivity of a test subject's hand and arm.
For more details on this electrical conductivity test method
***Therapists practicing non-contact healing methods are able
to induce a significant change in the electrical conductivity
of blindfolded test subjects, as shown in these enlarged conductivity
images of fingertips.
(1 min later)
After 3 minutes
of attempting to
After 3 minutes
of attempting to
Description of Experiment
***All four conductivity images are of the same finger of the
test subject who is isolated behind a divider throughout the
experiment. The first two exposures were made about a minute
apart without any activity or intention on the part of the practitioner
to be tested. Because they were similar, the test subject was
judged to be consistent. Next the practitioner drew a card on
which the word "brighter" was written. (Half of the
cards said "less bright"). Only he saw the card so
that nobody else in the room knew his intention. He then put
the card face-down next to the photographer who was taking and
tracking the conductivity images.
***The practitioner then proceeded to move his hand around
the test subject without touching, using whatever non-contact
energetic techniques he/she knew in attempt to make the conductivity
image of the test subject brighter. After three minutes, the
third conductivity photo (above) was taken. Then, for the next
three minutes the practitioner proceeded to try to make the
image less bright, at which time the fourth and final conductivity
photo was taken. At this point the photographer looked at the
card and recorded the practitioner's intention on the backs
of the photographs.
***The series above indicates that the practitioner successfully
increased, then decreased the brightness of the test subject's
conductivity image without making physical contact. The technique
used was "emitted Qi", a Chinese technique similar
to Therapeutic Touch and Reiki. Note that, in the fourth picture,
when brightness decreases to below the baseline level smoothness
is above the baseline level.
***A few practitioners were able to increase and decrease the
brightness as instructed. Some commented that they did not like
making the image smaller because they had to reduce the energy
in the test subject. The rest mostly increased brightness and
smoothness no matter what they were trying to do.
***Many casual readers might tend to reject the findings of
this study based on their assumption that the existence of human
energy fields and the altering of a person's energy field are
outside the laws of physics, and therefore impossible. It is
therefore appropriate here to briefly review some of the findings
of researchers mostly within the last decade to show that these
energy fields are quite measurable with existing equipment and
that there is strong evidence that known biophysical mechanisms
can account for the observed phenomena.
***First, the human body clearly has a vibrating electrical
field, measurable for decades through such techniques as EMG,
EEG, and EKG. How is this possible? The classical view of the
human cell as a bag of water with a nucleus has been, for the
most part, rejected in favor of models in which a highly structured
collection of filaments, tubes and fibers connect the cell's
nucleus not only to the surface of the cell but beyond, in a
matrix which connects and interrelates the cells of the entire
body. (Oschman 1994) and (Pinta & Coffee 1991). Second,
helical molecules within the body, such as DNA, keratin, collagen,
actin, and myosin have piezoelectric qualities. As they elongate
and contract they produce voltages. Also, when voltages are
applied, they expand or contract producing mechanical activity
and acoustical energy.
***While it is well established that electrical signals are
produced and received by the body, readers are more likely to
question whether a magnetic field interpenetrates and surrounds
the body. In 1963 researchers at Syracuse University reported
the first measurements of the magnetic field of the human heart,
just a millionth the strength of the earth's magnetic field,
yet highly coherent and measurable throughout the body and beyond.
Soon after, in 1971 the SQUID, a highly sensitive superconducting
magnetometer was developed which was used to measure the magnetic
field of the brain, 100 times weaker than that of the heart.
***Many researchers now believe that the magnetic field of
the heart, which extends throughout the body plays a role in
regulating biological functions. Then, in 1991 Seto and colleagues
measured the magnetic field between the hands of healers to
be as strong as 1 milligauss. This is less than 1% the strength
of Earth's magnetic field, but 1000 times as strong as the magnetic
field produced by the heart. If the heart regulates biological
functions with it's weak field, it is certainly feasible that
a magnetic field from the hands of healers, measured to be many
times stronger than the heart field might influence biological
***But, how can a magnetic field be produced from the hands?
The Josephson junction, a superconducting semiconductor which
is the basis of the SQUID's extremely high sensitivity to weak
magnetic fields, has been predicted in quantum physics calculations
to be present in living tissue. This was verified just ten years
ago. (Del Giudice et al 1989). DNA is one of the biochemical
structures shown to act as a superconducting magnetic field
detector, able, through the Hall effect, not only to detect
very weak magnetic signals, but also to produce magnetic signals.
(McCraty 1993) Thus DNA may act as a signal amplifier, releasing
its energy coherently into passing magnetic waves, much as the
ruby rod of a laser releases its light energy coherently with
a passing photon to produce a laser beam. This provides a mechanism
by which healers might produce the observed relatively strong
biomagnetic signals, and by which a test subject or patient
might be influenced by such signals. (Oschman 1993).
***Thus, modern advances in science now provide mechanisms
by which it is possible for healers to produce magnetic and
electric signals of significant magnitude to influence patients.
For those who seek a more in depth overview of this rapidly
advancing field of knowledge, "The Scientific Basis of
Energy Medicine"; by James L. Oschman, 1998, is highly
The purpose of this study was to answer two questions:
1) Can therapists, using non-contact therapy methods, alter
the electrical conductivity of a blindfolded test subject?
2) Can therapists improve their skill in the above test after
attending an "emitted-Qi training", a seven day training
***The answer, to both questions, is a solid "yes".
However, as expected, some therapists proved very capable at
altering conductivity while others showed little or no ability.
The data from the 25 participants who completed both the pre-
and post-training tests was analyzed, evaluating each photo
on seven point scales of brightness and smoothness, with the
following photos used to set a standard of evaluation:
The statistical findings are summarized below:
* Average increase
Brightness 0.476 (t<.0025) 0.929 (t<.0005) 95%
Smoothness 0.714 (t<.0005) 0.690 (t<.0025) -3%
Brighter and Smoother:
***An increase in brightness is related to increased overall
electrical conductivity in the hands and arms, while increased
smoothness relates to how the electrical conductivity in the
hands and fingers is distributed. In many electro-acupuncture
methods using such equipment as Ryodoraku and EAV devices, both
low conductivity and non-uniform conductivity are considered
indicators for illness, and normalizing these measures is considered
effective treatment. Thus the brighter and smoother image as
observed here are not only indicators that the test subject's
energy field has changed, but also that effective therapy may
have been administered.
***The following two series of photos from the same practitioner
illustrate how the ability to increase smoothness before training
was replaced by ability to increase brightness and the electrical
appearance of streamers after the training.
Baseline 1 (before) Baseline 2 Make brighter Make less bright
Baseline 1 (after) Baseline 2 Make brighter Make less bright
***Note that this practitioner was unable to reverse the tendency
to add either smoothness or brightness. While he had practiced
Reiki before, he had been unfamiliar with the Emitted Qi of
Qigong, and commented after this final picture that his hands
felt very electrical, and he was unable to turn it off. This
suggests that different healing methods may change a patient's
electrical conductivity in different ways, and that the healers
aren't necessarily in control of what energies they are working
***Before the training this group of practitioners was able
to increase the smoothness by 0.71 points and the brightness
by 0.48 points. After the training, practitioners' ability to
increase brightness doubled, to 0.93 points, but their ability
to increase smoothness did not change. Thus therapists are able
to alter a patient's electrical conductivity and the emitted
Qi training they participated in strengthened one aspect of
***One cannot discard such techniques as Therapeutic Touch
solely based on the inability to discern the energy field of
a 9 year old's hand. The ability to influence the electrical
field surrounding the hand of a test subject, as exhibited in
this experiment, clearly indicates that such techniques as Therapeutic
Touch and emitted Qi measurably influence the energy field,
in this case, the electrical conductivity, of the patient.
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Description of Conductivity Imager
Low Frequency Sound Emission Study
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